Formation of 1NAP Bn.

 

To,

                   The Editor,

                    Nagaland Post/ Morung Express/ Eastern Mirror for kind publication please.

                   MESSAGE ON THE 1ST NAP RAISING DAY.

My dear Comrades of the 1st Nagaland Armed Police (NAP) BN

          Despite of the fact that in re-counting the forgotten days, one is bound  to dwell yet once again into those past and forgotten days, thus causing tears of happiness for some, and an equal amount of tears or remorse for the others. The history of the Nagas, especially from the early 1950’s was pathetic, horrible and full of remorse, insecurity, antagonistic and alienation. Remembering those days make us cry and sad.

          Nevertheless, on this auspicious occasion when the 1st NAP was formed, I would like to take the privilege inciting few impetus reasons leading to its formation on this day of the year 1964.

          Before the advent of A.Z Phizo with the message of ‘Sovereignty’, ‘freedom from foreign rule’, ‘emancipation from dictatorial law’ etc the people of free Nagaland (Eastern Nagaland) was one of peace, prosperity, comforts, abundance and naïve. The land was full of merry-making, hosting of the feast of merit, head hunting among various villages and the whole spheres of lives governed by the rules of customs and traditions. The only enemies were the belligerent villages, intruders, unsolicited visitors and the passer-bys. The idea of sovereignty, illegal foreign domination by the ‘Indians’, etc were strange and enigmatic words for the Free People. In the later days, people of the virgin land dimly learnt the name ‘Assam’ from where they bartered salts, metals etc or had their chattels exchanges for the like goods. But, after the entry of A.Z Phizo, their mind-set, day-to-day activities and mode of living had tremendously changed so completely and instantly.

          As per the pledge and commitment given to A.Z Phizo by the Free Nagas to free the rest of the Nagas from the cruel grip of adversaries, the first blood for the Naga National cause was shed at Huker Village of the Yimchungro tribe at around 6:30 pm on 24th March 1955. This incident marked the beginning of the offensive act by the Nagas for the cause of the Naga Nation. Hitherto, there seem to be only a defensive role resistance on the part of the Nagas. The Indian Army stationing at Aghunato had the habit of frequently visiting Huker village since the two places are not so far from each other. On the fateful evening of 24th March 1955, a total of four Indian Army Jawans were slain by the machetes by the Yimchunger nationalists who  composed the Naga Army Wing known as Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN) led by Lakhum Yimchunger, Hopong Angh Yinchunger and Brig. Gen. Thsamphu Yimchunger etc. In despair retaliation, the Indian Army shot dead four persons.  The one among the first victims of war was a student of 2 class 6 by the name Bumbah and the three other victims were Shokheah, Pungji and  Khumkiumong.

          However, to the dismay of the Home Guard Eastern Division, regrettably, the other groups of the Eastern General Command did not join the battle contrary to what has been actually agreed upon.

          After the fateful day of March 24, 1955, the barbaric operation of the Indian Army had intensified in almost all the Yimchunger villages. Most of the villages were burnt down repeatedly to as many as twelve times and so forth. Granaries were razed down and the entire villages became empty with no standing houses, livestock and no appearance of human beings except the movements of thousands of Indian soldiers and few captivated villagers and Yimchunger Naga Nationalists. This volatile situation had necessitated the innocent villagers to hide beneath the dense forests. There was not a single day passed without the news of torturing, butchering and other atrocity acts carried out by the Indian armies. Thousands and thousands of innocent people perished due to extreme cold, starvation, mental trauma and related other unnatural death. In short, there was no human relationship but even worse than ‘hunter-prey’ relationship.

          The situation of uncertainty propelled the Yimchunger Naga Nationalist to establish numerous camps with their headquarter (Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN)) at present Longtok village erstwhile known as Haphu village under the ablest and charismatic command of Gen. Hothrong Yimchunger. The several attempts of the Indian armies to intrude and destroy the Headquarter camp were never successful. Therefore, they choose Kuthur village as a strategic place to bombard the Haphu headquarter camp. As many as nine cannon/ artilleries was fixed at Kuthur village and bombarded the headquarter camp with more than thirty cannon shells. This kind of inhuman battle had to be faced by the Yimchunger Naga Nationalists based at the Headquarter camp for several years. All the Indian Army division deployed in Nagaland seemed to have been concentrated at the Headquarter camp. 

          The Home Guard Eastern Division toured beyond the Tuensang jurisdiction to other parts of Nagaland to fight the battle against the Indian armies at the place like Bandhari, Bokajan, Pherima, Sanakusa, Sannis, Sataka, Kukheyei and so forth. Not only had they traveled far and wide in the battle but also gave away the arms and ammunition and rucksack  of money being recovered or snatched from the Indian armies to Aos, Sumis, Sangtams, Changs, Khiamniungans, Konyaks  etc, so that they could also maintain their own standing army effectively.

          At the first battle broke out in Yimchunger area, the civilians were inflicted with the maximum injury that bore major repercussion of the battle. However, the gradual paradigm shift appeared on the scene in the early 1960s. The crescendo of outcry of the

innocent civilian, who were at the receiving end, reached the climax. Intra-divisional confusion within the political organization also sprouted out with the assassination of Mutezu_ and Gen. Hothrong Yimchunger. Moreover, inter-tribal crisis over the chase for leadership had added fuel to the already ignited fire. On the one side, the Indian army’s heavy operation and on the other, there was mistrust and misunderstanding among the leaders in the tussle for leadership. The unbecoming development disheartened the most dedicated Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN).

          Meanwhile, on the spur of the moment, the all time call of the Indian government to join the mainstream was accentuated loud and clear at the backdrop of the creation of Nagaland state. Thereupon, considering all the factors of mistrust, uncertainty, crisis of leadership and most importantly the extreme hardship and the suffering of the innocent rustic civilians, a majority group of rifted Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN) decided to save the people of Nagaland taking advantage upon the call of the Indian Government.

          However, the absence of competent qualified leaders amidst the aspiring group was the greatest obstruction on their way and thus created a vast chasm. Just at the neck of time, my name crossed their mind as most qualified and experienced prominent personality among the Yimchungers. Hence, I was arrested in 1962 by the Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN) and conferred the rank of Brigadier and thereby caste the burden of negotiation with the Indian Government. During that time, I was on preparatory leave after being selected in an interview for the post of the Yimchunger Language Translator and was to join thereof in a day or two. I conceded my destiny and ultimately chose to bear the brunt of loathsome humiliation by the Indians so that the happiness and peace of the Nagas may be restored from the voraciously ever torturing despotic hand of the Indian army. At the peak of negotiation; the then Chief Minister of Nagaland, Shri P. Shilu Ao, asked me to lay down our demand. Hence, I expressed the unanimous desire of my group to establish the Special Nagaland Armed Police (SNAP). The then Hon’ble  Chief Minister readily accepted and approved our demand and also assured us that we  would retain the same rank and files as of the UGs in the newly established SNAP, inter-alia assured various other mammoth privileges and  amenities. Thereafter, on the epoch-making day, the Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN) comprising of one hundred thirteen (113) UGs personnel surrendered with the government of India with huge quantity of arms and ammunition in the presence of Mr. Dev, the then ADC Zunheboto and Mr.  Imkongmar Aier, the then EAC of Aghunato as witness and consequently affected in giving birth to the 1st NAP Battalion (SNAP) in Nagaland. It is pertinent to mention here that prior to SNAP there was no Nagaland Armed Police in extant.

          Thus the initial strength of the battalion was constituted out of a batch of one hundred and thirteen UGs of Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN) led by me. In due course of time, the government converted the then VG personnel of Kohima and

Nagaland. The volunteers of the UGs personnel of Kohima District were also enrolled in the battalion.

          This write-up is never intended to be glutted with the salvo of hostile and antagonistic attitude towards any person, organization or the Government of Nagaland of India. But, it is just an account of what is affirmed to be the true story towards formation of the 1st NAP Bn.

          No Naga sons, whether over ground or underground would ever think to sell out the Rights of self-determination effacing the priceless legacy of our political aspiration for Independence. However, to propagate the idea and ideal of self-determination and political aspiration, a Nation is a must wherein the people is the indispensable components and in the absence of which the end is meaningless. The Home Guard Eastern Division (FGN) exactly  contemplated on the priorities of the time, on the eve of the formation of the SNAP and  decided to redeem the mass first from complete annihilation  from the devouring hands of the Indian army upon whom (Survival)  and their posterities the political ideology could be planted.

          Since my intention and my comrades were neither for the comforts, profits, ranks and nor for the prestige, we ran for months and years bare  footed, walking up the dense forest of Nichugard (Chumukedima) to cut, clear and construct camps of the battalion. Our intention and initiative was purely yeoman and philanthropic, therefore we did not receive any benefits or amenities either from the State Government or from the Indian Government hitherto. We also didn’t demand for any forms of prestige or honour in lieu of our contribution and sacrifices and never claimed for any high profile post in the newly Battalion but worked under it with a low and humble rank.

          Many of our comrades of the Home Guard Eastern Division are working with the same undeterred spirit for the Naga cause and to whom I salute with the highest honour.

          In conclusion, I have decided to linger on this lengthy background because this is the first time when the formation of 1st NAP Bn is related in order to make it more presentable with a better insight and right earnest.

          Long Live! 1st Nagaland Armed Police Bn.

 

            Yours Sincerely,

                            SD/-
         (K.M CAMING YIMCHUNGER)

 

Copy to:-

The Hon’ble Minister for Home Affairs, GoI, New Delhi for information.

 

The Hon’b.e Minister for Defence, GoI, New Delhi for information.

 

The Hon’ble Minister, Govt. of Nagaland, Kohima for information.

 

The Hon’ble Parliamentary Secretary/ MLA 58th A/C for information.

 

The Hon’ble Parliamentary Secretary/ MLA 60th A/C for information.

 

The President ENPO/ YTC/ ENSF/ YAA for information.

 

                      Sd/-

            (K.M CAMING YIMCHUNGER)

               Founder, 1st NAP Bn.

  

LIST OF NAMES OF YIMKHIUNGRU FREEDOM FIGHTERS (HOME GUARD UNDER EASTERN DIVISION OF FEDERAL GOVT.OF NAGALAND) OF NAGALAND WHO SURRENDERED ON APRIL  25 th 1964 LED BY SHRI   K M CAMING YIMKHIUNGRU BRIGADIER EASTERN FEDERAL GOVT OF NAGALAND.

Sl no Name Father’s name Village Rank Age Educational qualification  
01 K M Caming Kumjimong Lasokiur Brigadier 27 Class X  
02 P. Thsamphu Pungji Hukeru Colonel 29 Class VI  
03 Kiukhangba Hopong Yahkoru Brigade Major 28 Class VI  
04 Lachim Keorun Hukeru Major 25 Class 111  
05 Shokheamba Rhakho Hukeru Adjt. Captain 29 Class 111  
06 Murhankiu Rukkiumong Hukeru Captain 27 Class 11  
07 Kecham Kumcho Kiutsukiuru Captain 27 Class 11  
08 Tochimong Rikiumong Longtokru Captain 20 Nil  
09 Tsunthruba Sholu Shipongru Captain 18 Nil  
10 Wongtokiu Hikioba Longtokru Captain 29 Class 111  
11 Keoshu Rothrong Hukeru I st Lieutenant 23 Nil  
12 Keozih Keorun Khumongsheru I st Lieutenant 19 Class VI  
13 Kiumukam Kumkiuba Sangphuru I st Lieutenant 25 Nil  
14 Yankiuba Kumkiuba Kiosuru I st Lieutenant 26 Class II  
15 Biri Murakiu Ipongru 2 nd Lieutenant 25 Class IV  
16 Sobekiu Sukilo Moyaru 2 nd Lieutenant 20 Class II  
17 Shojimba Royim Hukeru 2 nd Lieutenant 26 Class II  
18 Ruchamong Chilimong Hukeru 2 nd Lieutenant 25 Nil  
19 Yimkiumong Phungkiu Shipongru 2 nd Lieutenant 25 Nil  
20 Shojang Shokum Ipongru BHM 26 Class II  
21 Zethsangba Hothrong Hukeru BHM 22 Class IV  
22 Yimto Rhakiumong Shipongru Havilder 22 Class II  
23 Mukhe Kiukhang Shipongru Havilder 18 Nil  
24 Hankiumong Shojiba Kiutsukir Naik 29 Nil  
25 Shophu Shokhiung Hukeru Naik 20 Nil  
26 Thsanshimong Mahtre Khumongsheru L/Naik 28 Nil  
27 Thraneanb Thrimho Hukeru L/Naik 20 Nil  
28 Keorun Neojikhiung Khumongsheru Sepoy 25 Nil  
29 Kiutsamong Kiumukam Khumongsheru Sepoy 26 Nil  
30 Yankiuba Throngso Hukeru Sepoy 20 Nil  
31 Tochimong Wongkiuba Hukeru Sepoy 25 Nil  
32 Shokheamong Mahtre Thsotokuru Sepoy 25 Nil  
33 Kiumula Shimkiu Khumongsheru Sepoy 25 Nil  
34 Toji WOngto Zhimru Sepoy 15 Nil  
35 Kiulong Kiumusu Rururu Sepoy 25 Nil  
36 Yinso Murhan Longtokru Sepoy 25 Nil  
37 Yimso Toji Ipongru Sepoy 15 Nil  
38 Yimto Kiucham Thsotokuru Sepoy 15 Nil  
39 Kiucham Rongkiu Pungrungru Sepoy 25 Nil  
40 Kejingkhum Yankiumong Zhimru Sepoy 20 Nil  
41 Shokum Hanjikhiung Pungrungru Sepoy 30 Nil  
42 Kheanjimong Muremong Pungrungru Sepoy 25 Nil  
43 Zungkum Thsanso Pungrungru Sepoy 26 Nil  
44 Hanjikhiung Khopung Pungrungru Sepoy 27 Nil  
45 Munu Hankiu LongtokruSepoy 18 Nil    
46 Rhakho Rthrong Rururu Sepoy 28 Nil  
47 Yankiuba Shojiba Longtokru Sepoy 20 Nil  
48 Thraneanba Kiozih Rururu Sepoy 20 Nil  
49 Yanhokiu Royim Sikiur Sepoy 15 Nil  
50 Thsankiu Muzung Pungrungru Sepoy 30 Nil  
51 Hothrong Muzhih Pungrungru Sepoy 20 Nil  
52 Kumcho Chipong Longtokru Sepoy 20 Nil  
53 Yansomong Kiulongba Bokphuru Sepoy 22 Nil  
54 Youngki Ngancho Shipongru Sepoy 19 Nil  
55 Hilumong Kuthrong Kiutsukiur Sepoy 19 Nil  
56 Torepkiu Royim Mutongru Sepoy 22 Nil  
57 Rhakho Muthrung Y. Awunru Sepoy 28 Nil  
58 Hanjikhiung Rithrung Y. Awunru Sepoy 28 Nil  
59 Kekong Yinso Shipongru Sepoy 22 Nil  
60 Yankiuba Shophu Huhdangru Sepoy 28 Nil  
61 Hilumong Kamjimong Shipongru Sepoy 28 Nil  
62 Chipong Lachim Y. Awunru Sepoy 25 Nil  
63 Kumcho Kiumukam Hukeru Sepoy 25 Nil  
64 Yimkhong Rhakho Hukeru Sepoy 28 Nil  
65 Kihomong Rejang Hukeru Sepoy 28 Class III    
66 Yankiuba Thrungso Hukeru Sepoy 30 Class II    
67 Hothrong Kekiuba Hukeru Sepoy 25 Class I  
68 Munechim Rhakho Hukeru Sepoy 26 Class II  
69 Wongtokiu Rhakiumong Hukeru Sepoy 20 Class I  
70 Zungkum Kiumukam Kephoru Sepoy 20 Class IV  
71 Tochimong Kekong Hukeru Sepoy 23 Nil  
72 Kiutongba Shokheang Hukeru Sepoy 22 Class II  
73 Biri Muzungchim Hukeru Sepoy 26 Nil  
74 Thronghokiu Yankiuba Shipongru Sepoy 25 Nil  
75 Rikiumong Shokhea Hukeru Sepoy 22 Nil  
76 Kheanjimong Yiurhamong Kiutsukiur Sepoy 23 Nil  
77 Ramji Ahokiu Khumongsheru A Sepoy 26 Nil  
78 Rhakiumong Rukiumong Pungrungru Sepoy22 Nil    
79 Zungkumong Lachim Shipongru Sepoy 30 Nil  
80 Hanso Lachim Kiutsukiur Sepoy 30 Nil  
81 Mukam Muzung Pungrungru Sepoy 28 Nil  
82 Zungkum Hekioba Y. Awunru Sepoy 25 Nil  
83 Lachim Kumjimong Hukeru Sepoy 26 Nil  
84 Longkhangba Lokhung Thsotokuru Sepoy 26 Nil  
85 Thsankiu Mahching Pungrungru Sepoy 28 Nil  
86 Toji Mukhe Ipongru Sepoy 25 Nil  
87 Mahtre Kumkiuba Ipongru Sepoy 30 Nil  
88 Abahkhiung Thronghokiu Pungrungru Sepoy 20 Nil  
89 Mutrung Mure Shipongru Sepoy 20 Nil  
90 Abahkhiung Royim Pungrungru Sepoy 28 Nil  
91 Phungkiu Zhewong Pungrungru Sepoy 28 Nil  
92 Abahkhiung Chilumong Shipongru Sepoy 25 Nil  
93 Kiukhang Rhakki Kiutsukiur Sepoy 23 Nil  
94 Bumba Muzung Shipongru Sepoy 26 Nil  
95 Wongto Yanhokiu Hukeru Sepoy 25 Nil  
96 Shakheamba Ngancho Khumongshi A Sepoy 25 Nil  
97 Kiucham Toji Ipongru Sepoy 26 Nil  
98 Bumba Hekhiangba Shipongru Sepoy 28 Nil  
99 Shothsang Toji Ipongru Sepoy 27 Nil  
100 Zungkum Mutrung Ipongru Sepoy 27 Nil  
101 Kumcho Lakiba Ipongru Sepoy 28 Nil  
102 Muremong Thronghokiu Pungrungru Sepoy 25 Nil  
103 Rithrung Pumjim Rururu Sepoy 27 Nil  
104 Hanso Mahtre Tothsangkiur Sepoy 22 Nil  
105 Mahtre Kiucham Ipongru Sepoy 26 Nil  
106 Shokum Lathrung Ipongru Sepoy 25 Nil  
107 Phunungkiu Rikhiungthung Shipongru Sepoy 30 Nil  
108 Shokheamba Wongto Hukeru Sepoy 25 Nil  
109 Kekong Puru Hukeru Sepoy 29 Class III  
110 Mutrung Chinho Pungrungru Sepoy 28 Nil  
111 Mahtre Ngancho Shipongru Sepoy 30 Nil  
112 Kiucham Keorun Hukeru Sepoy 28 Nil  
113 Throngso Kilungyim Hukeru Sepoy 28 Class III  
114 Thsungyanmung Kiumukam Ipongru Sepoy 22 Class I  
115 Yimto Shahato Hukeru Sepoy 22 Class II  

 

 

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


*